In 2006, Marine Corps Methods Command initiated the MRAP Joint Program Workplace, which introduced collectively U.S. Marines, Military, Navy, and particular operations items to get the MRAPs fielded as quick as attainable. The Division of Protection (DOD) joined the trouble a 12 months later.
The previous Humvees had flat bottoms, very like customary industrial autos. This made them good targets for explosives. When a Humvee rolled over an IED, the drive of the blast would hit the underside (that lay horizontal to the bottom) at full energy.
MRAPs —as a substitute of a traditional flat stomach — have a V-shaped armor-plated hull particularly supposed to deflect explosions up and away from the automobile. Navy sources declare this affords 10 occasions the safety. In addition they have a raised chassis that helps scale back fragmentation, blast overpressure, and acceleration of an IED explosion. Moreover, they are often fitted with additional layers of armor that may even shield towards RPG rounds.
The are 4 MRAP classes (I, II, III and M-ATV). Class I is the smallest and works in city fight eventualities and for casualty evacuation. Class II is for convoys and troops carriage, whereas Class III sweeps for mines and IEDs. The MRAP-All Terrain Automobile (M-ATV) is essentially the most cell of the bunch and was designed to be used in excessive situations.
In response to Aeroweb, “Seven totally different automobile designs have been bought from 5 totally different contractors, together with BAE Methods, Drive Safety Industries (FPI), Common Dynamics Land Methods (GDLS), NAVISTAR Protection, and Oshkosh Company.”